Mackenzie's Policy Paper

Dorsett 24 September 2008
Policy on Breast Feeding Infants and Newborns
There seems to be an ever present sense of hurry all day every day. It is not different after a 9 month pregnancy many women cannot wait to have their new baby. Even after that precious bundle of joy comes along, 6 weeks is a long time to wait to go back to work and get into the routine of things. Many women do not breast feed their babies because it is sometimes viewed as a hassle when powder formula is so convenient. These mothers do not realize how beneficial it is for their baby to be breast fed instead of being formula fed. Breast milk contains the complete balance of all the protein, carbohydrates, water, and fats that newborns and infants need (Lopez 2007). The newborns and infants benefit greatly from the breast milk in ways such as immunity and growth. Breast milk also ensures that the babies grow at the rate they are suppose to, and also don’t put on the extra baby pounds they don’t need. Breast milk promotes the accumulation of subcutaneneous fat instead of the fat known as visceral which surrounds the body’s organs.
Antibodies are one reason in which breastfeeding a newborn is so important. When the infant is growing in the uterus the mother passes some antibodies through the placenta. The antibodies that are passed through the placenta are not all the antibodies that a baby needs. When a mother breastfeeds her baby more antibodies are passed to the baby which strengthen the immune system even more. These antibodies are so important because they fight off chronic diseases and infections such as asthma, diabetes, and different allergies (Landrigan 2002) It has been proven that when breast fed children get vaccines they produce higher levels of antibodies in response to the invasion.
There are several other important components in breast milk other than the antibodies. Some of the molecules that are included in the milk help fight off certain bacterial infections within the digestive tract. Many molecule included in breast milk can bind with different bacteria cells and infectious pathogens then excrete them from the body. One of these molecules is oligosaccharide, which are just simple sugar chains. These sugars bind with bacteria in the intestines and the baby can easily more them through the rest of the digestive tract. The oligosaccharides also help the good microbes into the digestive tract of infants to help promote the normal flora. Breast milk also has leukocytes in it, which help to fight and rid the body of bacteria and other kinds of infections
Breast feeding doesn’t just benefit the child, breast feeding mothers also benefit. Mothers who breast feed develop a closer bond and are able to have a relaxation time with their baby. Mothers who breastfeed their newborn use up more calories so it is easier to shed the stubborn baby pound. “Breastfeeding lowers the risk of breast cancer and ovarian cancers, and possible the risk of hip fractures and osteoporosis after menopause, and also delays ovulation and menstration(womenshealth.gov 2005).”
POLICY
A. Women seeking financial assistance from the Aide To Families With Dependent Children (A.F.D.C) act can receive more money by breastfeeding/feed breast milk to infants and children from birth to age two of the child.
B. To receive money no child will be given formula unless authorized by a physician and noted on record.
C. Women with infectious diseases that can be passed to infants will be exempt from this financial support.
Antibiotic resistance is an increasing problem in the United States and also the world. The United States has been falling far below the goals of Healthy People 2010 for many years (Kiester 2008). Mothers are contributing to this problem by not breast feeding their children. “A diet of breast milk for babies is correlated with benefits including less diarrhea as well as lower incidence of diabetes or asthma when compared to formula-fed babies.”(Kemsley 2008). This causes a bad spot in the economy because sick children cause mothers and fathers to have to miss work. Many people will argue that there is no way to make people breast feed their infants. That is correct that there is no way to make women breastfeed, but the mothers will be receiving more money from the government, while spending less money on formula and baby food. Another argument is that there is no way to enforce this policy. The way in which to enforce this policy is to give the families a type of credit card. Instead of a check being sent in the mail, the money will be transferred to the account of the card holder. The account will be monitored by governmental personnel. If there is any indication that the card holder has broke the requirements of the policy there will be an investigation and terms for the card holder may be terminated. There are many more points that can be argued about why not to breast feed. J Bruce German from the University of California, Davis stated, “The one thing that has evolved with humans, to nourish humans, is breast milk. It is the ideal evolutionary model for what nourishment should be.”

REFERENCES
(2005 October). WomensHealth.gov. Retrieved September 25, 2008, from Benefits of Breastfeeding Web site: http://www.4woman.gov/Breastfeeding/index.cfm?page=227
Keister, D., Roberts, K., & Werner, S. (2008, July 15). Strategies for breastfeeding success. American Family Physician, 78(2), 225-232. Retrieved October 2, 2008, from CINAHL with Full Text database.
Kemsley, Jyllian (2008, September 29). Unraveling Breast Milk. Chemical & Engineering News, 86(39), 13-17.
Landrigan, Philip J , Sonawane, Babasaheb, Mattison, Donald, & McCally, Michael (2002). Chemical contaminants in breast milk and their impacts on children's health: an overview.. RetrievedSeptember 24,2008, from http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid
López Alvarez, M. (2007, March). Proteins in human milk. Breastfeeding Review, 15(1), 5- 16. Retrieved October 2, 2008, from CINAHL with Full Text database.

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