Exam 4 Potential Questions

1.What is the difference between artificial and natural transformation?
-Brice Buryanek

2. Explain how natural transformation works?
-Brice Buryanek

3. What is the difference between F+ and F- bacteria?
-Brice Buryanek

4. What is a capsid and capsomeres?
-Brice Buryanek

5. Name and explain the three virus shapes.
-Brice Buryanek

6. What are 3 examples of envelope viruses?
-Brice Buryanek

7. What do glycoproteins allow envelope virus to do?
-Brice Buryanek

8. what are the range of shapes of viruses and draw them?
Shelby Pomerenke

9. Describe viral replication
Shelby Pomerenke

10. Which bacterial shape can only be found in bacteriophages?
Brandi B

11. why does a virus want to kill a host cell/or not?
-Eileen Sorenson

12. what traits must a disease have for it to be eradicable?
-eileen sorenson

13. what shapes are bacteriophages?
-eileen sorenson

14. what are the steps in viral replication?
-eileen sorenson

15. what is an example of a DNA virus?
-eileen sorenson

16. what is an example of an RNA virus?
-eileen sorenson

17. what is an example of a retrovirus? Why is a retrovirus different from a normal virus? why are they hard to treat?
-eileen sorenson
-matt-

18. what are glycoproteins and where are they found?
-eileen sorenson

19. what is unique about the assembly of new virions?
-eileen sorenson

20. viruses are classified based on what?
-eileen sorenson

21. decribe the structure of a protein coat of a virus.
-eileen sorenson

22. what is it called that makes RNA go to DNA?
-Brice Buryanek

23. Who synthesized polio genome?
-Brice Buryanek

24. Yersinia Pestis is gram positive or negative?
-Brice Buryanek

25. Streptococcus pyogenes is gram positive or negative?
-Brice Buryanek

26. What are the virulence factors in scarlet fever?
-Brice Buryanek

27. What are the virulence factors in Plague
-Brice Buryanek

28. State whether these structures are recognized by the host immune system as viral or host
glycoprotein
capsomere
capsid
DNA/RNA
membranse
-matt-

29. what are the steps of viral replication?
-matt-

30. what are some examples of bacteria that are able to quorum sense that we have studied?
-matt-

31. what is the environmental advantage of have a genome that contains more G and C bases then A and T?
-matt-

32. Is there more AT or GC at the start of bacterial DNA replication? why? …Hint: bonding
-matt-

33. What are Koch's postulates? explain them? give bacteria example.
-matt-

34. which of the following bacterial structures help to prevent phagocytosis?
mycolic acid
peptidoglycan
crystalline surface layers
peripheral membrane proteins

-matt-

35. what are the bacterial growth phases? explain what is happening in each phase?
-matt-

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